The mother dog should have all the freedom possi ble before giving birth to her puppies. She should also have an extra amount of food. It is far better to let her have freedom and choose her own place to cradle her young ; or if this is impossible, a comfortable, well-drained kennel, quiet, retired from people and dogs should be provided for her. The puppies are carried by the mother nine weeks, and are born blind. Their eyes open in eight to ten days. The mother should be left alone in their earliest care.
While she is nursing her litter she should be given plenty of easily digested food, which should be salted, and have in it plenty of oily matter. She should not be allowed to bring up too large a litter, never more than eight, and fewer according to her size. If the puppies are thin, one or more should be taken away.
As soon as the puppies are old enough to take food from us, they should be fed four times a day, and milk should be a large part the food. If vegetables or m\ish are given with it, there should be twice as much of milk. As it is desirable that puppies should eat all that is possible, tjiey may be fed more than they can eat, but the remains must be cleaned up each time. A dry dog biscuit should be given the puppy to gnaw when he is about eight weeks old, so that the teeth may be strengthened and kept clean, but he should never oe given a hard bone. Phosphated lime or bone-dust should be scattered over the puppy’s food from time to time to help in forming his bones. Puppies should never be lifted by the neck as we lift a kitten, but should be lifted by placing both hands beneath the body.
If puppies are afflicted with fleas they should be washed carefully and dried in a warm atmosphere, and their kennels disinfected. Many recommend Dec/ter’s cream of parasites, which may be used with safety with excellent results in freeing dogs from fleas; or they may be washed with Spratt’s or Jeyes’ soaps, and izal used afterwards.
Puppies are likely to be troubled with lice which do not affect the old dog. If a mixture of lard and flowers of sulphur be rubbed over the puppy, espec ially at the roots of the tail, and around the backs of the ears, this pest may be conquered. When apply ing the paste rub against the hair. The paste may be applied twice, leaving one day between. The day after the last application the little victim should be washed with soap and water and dried carefully, in a place free from cold and drafts. This remedy rarely needs to be used a second time.
Puppies are likely to be troubled with worms after weaning. The signs are, inflated abdomen, weakness as shown by sitting or lying instead of running about, and becoming so thin that the ribs show. A vermifuge once or twice repeated is important. Get a good vermifuge, like ”Sure-shot,” or Spratt’s worm capsules for puppies, and follow directions.
Each puppy individually must be taught cleanly habits, beginning as soon as it is old enough to run about freely. At this time the puppy requires con stant care, and only by unwearying attention can it be properly trained. It should be put out of doors every half hour for the first three days after it has been brought into the house. Each time, as it comes back, it should be patted and praised. If it urinates on the floor, rub its nose in the puddle and put it out of doors, but do not whip it, since a nervous dog will thus be cowed and be all the harder to train. After the three days, watch carefully and if it begins to seem uneasy and to sniff around the floor, take it up and put it out immediately. If the puppy is to live entirely in the house, a sand tray should be pro vided, which should be placed in a closed box, and the puppy should be put into this box instead of out of doors. The sand in the tray needs to be changed every day. Two weeks of careful training usually serves to teach most dogs cleanly habits. Care must be taken never to keep the dog waiting if it seems uneasy, and it should be borne in mind that an ill-trained dog owes his failings to the fault of the trainer.